2019年12月31日

Phrasal Verbs: Lesson 13

quarreling-couple.jpg

Mia: I hate you! Let's break up!
Simon: No, Mia, please, let's make up! Please forgive me.

***

Teacher: Katie I thought you promised not to lie again! You've let me down.
Katie: I'm sorry.

***

Souma: Did you fall out with your father again?
Jenna: Yes! He said I always butt in his business. I'm not talking to him right now.

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break up: end a relationship
make up: become friends after a quarrel
let someone down: lower something, cause disappointment to somebody
fall out with: quarrel with someone
butt in: interrupt, interfere
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[Example Passsage]
Michelle and Ryan have been dating for 6 months. They often fall out with each other. I don't butt in their quarrels, but I honestly think they should break up. Ryan has let Michelle down many times before. Strange, how they keep making up after all the horrible things they say to each other.
ラベル:phrasal verbs
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2019年12月30日

Phrasal Verbs: Lesson 12

dress-up.jpg

Trevor: Why are you dressing up today? Are you going somewhere?
Nancy: Yeah. I'm going to Jessica's hen-party.
Trevor: Right! I completely forgot she is getting married!

***

Luke: Sarah, I don't think you will fit in this dress!
Sarah: I think I can squeeze into it, if I try.
Luke: Don't! Just take it off and find a bigger size.

***

Mr.Moore: Oh, hello Elizabeth! You don't come to the shop as often as you used to!
Liz: Hello, Mr.Moore! I was just passing by today. I have a lot of work to do, you know.
Mr.Moore: Well, you should come more often. We have a lot of new books to offer.
I'm sure some of them will suit your taste.

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dress up: wear special clothes
fit in: to have space for something, be accepted by a group of people
squeeze into: fit tightly into something
take off: remove clothing
pass by: go past something, someone on the way to somewhere else
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[Example Passage]
On a Friday morning, Stan went shopping for clothes. He was going to his old friend's birthday party, so he wanted to dress up for the occasion. As he was passing by a shop window he noticed a nice pair of pants. He went inside the shop to try them on. He entered the fitting room, took off his old jeans and tried to squeeze into the pants. Eventually he stopped trying, because he just couldn't fit in the pants. After that Stan desided to go on a diet.
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2019年12月29日

Phrasal Verbs Practice [Lesson 11]

Ray: Hi! Do you want to eat out today?
Fiona: Sounds great! Where should we go?

Ray: How about a Chinese restaurant? But first we should wash up!
There are so many dirty dishes in the kitchen.

***

Jack: What should we do while we wait for Mike to turn up?
Peter: Let's just hang around this area.

***

Nancy: Are you using your pen right now? Can I borrow it?
Lucy: Go ahead.

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eat out : have a meal in restaurant
wash up : wash the dishes after a meal
turn up : arrive, happen, be found unexpectedly
hang around : wait, do nothing
go ahead : proceed with something
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drinking-party.jpg
[Example Passage]
Tina wanted to have a meal with her boyfriend Josh. First, Tina planned to cook something for him. However, she didn't want to wash up afterwards. So she dicided to eat out that day. Josh was working late. He told Tina to hang around until he finishes. Tina went ahead to an Italian restaurant. She arrived at 7 pm, but Josh only turned up at 8:30 pm!
ラベル:phrasal verbs
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2019年12月28日

Speech 13: Winston Churchill -Never Give In, Never, Never, Never-

By Winston Churchill at Harrow School, on October 29, 1941
winston-churchill.jpg

Almost a year has passed since I came down here at your Head Master's kind invitation in order to cheer myself and cheer the hearts of a few of my friends by singing some of our own songs. The ten months that have passed have seen very terrible catastrophic events in the world - ups and downs, misfortunes - but can anyone sitting here this afternoon, this October afternoon, not feel deeply thankful for what has happened in the time that has passed and for the very great improvement in the position of our country and of our home?

Why, when I was here last time we were quite alone, desperately alone, and we had been so for five or six months. We were poorly armed today; but then we were very poorly armed. We had the unmeasured menace of the enemy and their air attack still beating upon us, and you yourselves had had this experience of this attack; and I expect you are beginning to feel impatient that there has been this long lull with nothing particular turning up!

But we must learn to be equally good at what is short and sharp and what is long and tough. It is generally said that the British are often better at the last. They do not expect to move from crisis to srisis; they do not always expect that each day will bring up some noble chance of war; but when they very slowly make up their minds that the things has to be done and the job put through and finished, then, even if it takes months - if it takes years - they do it.

Another lesson I think we may take, just throwing our minds back to our meeting here ten months ago and now, is that appearances are very deceptive, and as Kipling well says, we must "... meet with Triumph and Disaster. And treat those two impostors just the same."

You can not tell from appearance how things will go. Sometimes imagination makes things out far worse than they are; yet without imagination much can be done. Those people who are imaginative see many more dangers than perhaps exist; certainly many more than will happen; but then they must also pray to be given that extra courage to carry this far-reaching imagination.

But for everyone, surely, what we have gone through in this period - I am addressing myself to the school - surely from this period of ten months this is the lesson:

never give in, never give in, never, never, never, never - in nothing, great or small, large or petty - never give in expect to convictions of honor and good sense. Never yeild to force; never yield to the apparently overwhelming might of the enemy.

We stood all alone a year ago, and to many countries it seemed that our account was closed, we were finished. All this tradition of ours, our songs, our school history, this part of the history of this country, were gone and finished and liquidated.

Very different the mood today. Britain, other nations thought, had drawn a sponge across her slate. But instead our country stood in the gap. There was no flinching and no thought of giving in; and by what seemed almost a miracle to those outside these Islands, though we ourselves never boubted it, we now find ourselves in a position where I say that we can be sure that we have only to persevere to conquer.

You sang here a verse of a school song: you sang that extra verse written in my honor, which I was very grately complimented by and which you have repeated today. But there is one word in it I want to alter - I wanted to do so last year, but I did not venture to. It is the line: "Not less we praise in darker days."

I have obtained the Head Master's permission to alter darker to sterner. "Not less we praise in sterner days."

Do not let us speak of darker days: let us speak rather of sterner days. These are not dark days; these are great days - greatest days our country has ever lived; and we must all thank God that we have been allowed, each of us according to our stations, to play a part in making these days memorable in the history of our race.

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lull : 小康状態,安定状態
Kipling : Joseph Rudyard Kipling(イギリスの小説家、詩人)
impostor : 偽物、詐欺師
far-reaching : (効果・影響などが)遠くまで及ぶ
petty : とるにたらない、些細な
liquidate : (倒産などで)清算する、弁済する
slate : 石板、立候補者名簿
flinch : ひるむ、たじろぐ
verse : 詩の一行、歌の一節
alter : 変更する、改造する
venture to : あえて~する、思い切って~する
stern : 厳格な、断固たる
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ラベル:speech famous person
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2019年12月26日

Speech 12: Bill Gates -Global Agricultural Community (Part 4)-

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When Melinda and I started our foundation more than a decade ago, we initially focused on inequities in global health. But as we spent more time learning about the diseases of poverty, we started to realize that the poorest people in the world shared an occupation in common: They were small farmers. The conclusion was obvious: They could lift their families up by growing more food.
So six years ago, we decided complement our global health investments with investments in agriculture. Since then, we have committed more than $2 billion to help small farmers in developing countries. It is some of the rewarding work we do.

When you put the right tools in farmer's hands, the results can be magical. A submergence tolerant seed capable of surviving in flood waters can grow into a rice surplus that sends a sick a sick child to the doctor. A micro-irrigation system can boost yields and send her to school. And when that child grows into a healthy and educated young mother, the future is bright.

Today, I am announcing almost $200 million in grants to fund agricultural development that works. Several of these grants extend projects that are already getting great results for farmers. For example, we are re-investing in projects that:

・supported the release of 34 new varieties of drought tolerant maize.
・delivered vaccines to tens of millions of livestock.
・and have trained more than 10,000 agro-dealers to equip and train farmers.

The goal is to move from examples of success, to sustainable productivity increases, to hundreds of millions of people moving out of poverty. If we hope to meet that goal, it must be a goal we share. We must be coordinated in our pursuit of it. We must embrace more innovative ways of working toward it. And we must be willing to be measured on our results.

Last summer, I met a cassava scientist in Tanzania named Joseph Ndunguru.
Dr. Ndunguru told me he is, quote, a product of cassava. His mother grew cassava and sold cassava chips to pay for his schooling, walking as far as 30 kilometers to get to her customers.

Now, Dr. Ndunguru has turned down lucrative offers from labs in South Africa, Europe, and the United States to stay in his home country and help more farmers like his mother give their children hope.

Let's make sure that all the products of cassava - and there are millions of them - have the opportunity to grow up strong, get an education, and build a future of productivity and prosperity for everyone.

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inequity : 不公平
submergence : 浸水、沈没
irrigation : 灌漑、洗浄法
grant : 補助金、助成金、奨学金、認可、授与
maize : とうもろこし、薄黄色
livestock : 家畜
schooling : 学校教育、学費
turn down : 折りたたむ、拒絶する、却下する
lucrative : 有利な、儲かる
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ラベル:famous person speech
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